Another Violent 70s Robot Cartoon For Your Enjoyment: Shinzou Ningen Casshan

You may know it by its stylish remakes: the 2004 live-action movie Casshern, and Madhouse’s spectacular 2008–9 26-episode anime Casshern Sins (no idea why they’re both romanized as Casshern). Now, thanks to The Skaro Hunting Society, the original 35-episode 1973–4 anime is being subbed (3 eps out as of this writing) and I’m here to recommend it as well as give a bit of history on it (and then hopefully a really old guy will leave a gigantic comment about all the finer points of the production background.)

Gundam fanboys, you’ll be interested to know that the storyboarder and occassional episode director for this series was none other than the one (and thankfully only) Tomino Yoshiyuki, whom as you know also spent the 70s directing robot anime Yuusha Raideen, Zambot 3, Daitarn 3, and then creating the most important and influential anime franchise of all time, Gundam. But Tomino isn’t the only familiar name to be thrown down here.

Casshan's helmet sure does remind me of another white robot...

Casshern was created by Yoshida Tatsuo, one of the founders of Tatsunoko Productions, who died shortly thereafter in 1977. He created many of Tatsunoko’s most enduring series, such as Gatchaman, Yatterman, and Speed Racer.

Some mecha pilots could learn a thing or two from Casshan.

Director Koyama Takao is mostly a screenwriter, and is probably best known for writing the entirety of Dragonball and Dragonball Z (including 12 movies), as well as Saint Seiya. Knowing this is important to understanding the production of Casshern Sins, as a lot of the staff also worked on Dragon Ball Z, including director Yamauchi Shigeyasu, who worked on Saint Seiya as well (and is currently directing Yumekui Merry, which keeps giving me acid flashbacks to Casshern Sins).

The first episode features some fairly graphic human slaughter.

The last recognizable name (to me) is that of the ever-prolific Amano Yoshitaka. Even if you don’t know his name, you’ve definitely seen his work—Amano was the designer for all of the early Final Fantasy games, as well as Vampire Hunter D. There are several OVAs (Angel’s Egg, 1001 Nights), that exist for the sole purpose of bringing his art to life, and his artbooks are easily findable on store shelves in the US. While the nature of being an early 70s anime makes it hard to tell that Amano worked on the designs for Casshan, it’s clear that the series has very attractive designs, and he’s probably to thank for it.

Casshan's cute childhood friend, Luna.

Since I’m sure all this production babble is boring you, I’ll move on, but not before pointing out that Utsumi Kenji, who played series villain Braiking Boss, reprised his role in Casshern Sins and is still very active, recently playing Alex Louise Armstrong in both iterations of FullMetal Alchemist.

Braking Boss, as frightening as he looks.

Exciting as that history lesson may be (to me), I wouldn’t bother posting if I wasn’t actually enjoying the series, so let’s shift gears to that.

Casshan is a wonderfully violent show full of robot carnage and dramatic confrontations. Tetsuya Azuma is a relatively normal teenage boy who works as an assistant to his father, the world’s leading android researcher and technician. One of his father’s robots gains sentience, calls itself Braiking Boss, and immediately decides that he wants to build a robot army and kill all humans. Conveniently, Tetsuya’s family lives in a huge medieval castle improbably located in Japan, which makes for an imposing base of operations once Braiking Boss takes over.


The robot squad immediately begins exterminating all the humans they can, and no current technology is able to stand up to them. Tetsuya and his father, having retreated to another laboratory located in some Greek-looking ruins (seriously there’s so much European architecture in this show’s Japan it’s uncanny), brainstorm on how to develop a more powerful android to take on the robots.

Robot designs run the gambit from jester-themed...

To bulkier and attack-oriented...

Wiry sentinel-bots...

...and the occasional exploding giant robot.

When Tetsuya’s pet dog is killed by the robot army, they bring him back to life by putting his DNA into that of a robot dog, Friender. After the success of this experiment, Tetsuya begs his father to use that process on him and turn him into the Neo-Human Casshan. His parents are reluctant, but he convinces them that there’s no other way to defeat the robots, and so he sacrifices his humanity in order to save mankind. Thus begins the adventures of Casshan and Friender.

Friender is far from just a mascot—he always saves Casshan's ass.

Based on the first three episodes, Casshan is paced much quicker than other anime I’ve seen from this era (a good thing, since my biggest problem with older anime tends to be the pacing). There’s a shitton of action, all of it laden with brutal beatdowns and tons of explosions. Within the span of three episodes, the world has basically become post-apocalyptic and features some nice art of blown-out towns.

Casshan passed out in the wake of a battle.

Casshan is the kind of series where a lot of bad stuff happens, and “justice” will only prevail after a long, hard struggle. In the second episode, Casshan’s mom is put into the body of a robot swan by his father in order to protect her (how this was accomplished is not even remotely explained, though I’d really like to know). Said robot swan is also Braiking Boss’s pet (he’s yet unaware that there’s a human inside of it), which allows Casshan’s mom to give him reports about the enemy activity.

I don't care how BS, please explain this!

In episode three, Casshan reunites with his childhood friend Luna, but tries to convince her that he isn’t the former Tetsuya. Part of it is for the usual reason that he doesn’t want to get her involved, but the more interesting reason is that Casshan is ashamed of no longer being human and gets quite emotional upon the realization that he no longer feels hunger or has a sense of taste or smell. It’s pretty obvious that before long, in spite of Casshan’s attempts to leave her behind, Luna will be joining him on his journey equipped with the robot-killing rifle that her father is developing.

Luna's death-dodging skills cannot be understated.

Perhaps the most interesting attribute of the series is that there’s actually a level of gravity to the combat. In most series of this nature, it’s hard to feel anything about the fights because we know that the main character is going to win. Casshan doesn’t even pretend that he won’t win, because Casshan is literally immortal. His body takes no damage and he easily overpowers his enemies. However, he has weaknesses—when he runs out of energy (solar-powered) he shuts down, leaving him essentially useless. Friender is often able to act as a back-up in situations where Casshan is incapacitated, but there’s usually something beyond Casshan at stake in the fight, be it human lives or safety. In the first episode, his parents get captured by Braiking Boss because Casshan is too busy fighting hordes of robots. His immortality won’t always get him what he wants.

When low on power, Casshan goes blind

One of the coolest things about watching this show for me is that it helps to understand the way events play out in its darker, morally grey 2009 successor. For instance, Casshan’s propensity to do a lot of aerial acrobatics and occasionally kill enemies just by striking a pose is carried from the original. The post-apocalyptic visuals are also clearly attributed to the original. Of course, besides that, most things are different, especially Luna, who in no way resembles the creepy psycho-loli of Cashern Sins except in hairstyle.

Every dead robot must explode. This is not debatable.

If you regularly watch and appreciate 70s anime, then I recommend Casshan without question. I’m not ordinarily able to handle 70s anime, but this might already be my favorite. As for those who haven’t tried to watch any anime of this era, this might be a good place to start. Be ready for the crappy audio, occasionally hilarious background loops, and very straightforward storytelling style. (Casshan may spoil you though since it’s a really good-looking show).

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14 Responses to Another Violent 70s Robot Cartoon For Your Enjoyment: Shinzou Ningen Casshan

  1. KrimzonStriker says:

    Oooiiii, thanks for much for the link, I’ve been trying to track down the original ever since finishing SINS, which I adored and raged uncontrollably about from the lack coverage from the blogosphere when it aired.

  2. otou-san says:

    I’ve always wondered about this one, ever since seeing the overly long live-action flick quite a while back. Sounds pretty cool, I can certainly dig a good slice of retro violence.

    I’m kinda curious what anime from this era you’ve seen that makes you think that the pacing is so slow — seems like back in the day a super fast pacing was really the norm. See, in spite of what we’re always told, anime is for kids, and this was especially true back then. Kids lack an attention span, and in the 70s it was all about the fights. Any drama that a writer wanted to throw in to add sophistication had to be done so kinda in between the epic exploding battles that were constantly happening.

    As for crazy violence, I tend to think of Tomino as one of the originators of that, but seeing as how he has roots in this series, I’m interested to see what the needless brutality quotient is.

    • I still haven’t watched the movie—I’d meant to, but I think my cousin might’ve sold his DVD. I’ve seen some fucking badass videos of scenes from it set to Protomen music, though.

      I admittedly haven’t seen much 70s or early 80s anime (which I sort of clumped together as “this era”), and what I have probably isn’t that representative of what’s popular from the era. (And most of it is from the same director, so that probably has to do with it.) Based on a MAL search between the years 1969 and 1984, I’ve seen: 1 episode of Ashita no Joe (not really slow), Crusher Joe: The Movie (which I remember as the worst-paced movie I’ve ever seen), Daicon III and IV (lol), Giant Gorg (which I was also surprised by the brisk pacing of, so I wonder what the basis even was), Lupin III: Castle of Cagliostro (not slow, but somewhat messy pacing), Macross (well-paced, but doesn’t really count being 1984), Moblie Suit Gundam movies (hard to judge the pace since it’s a whole show slammed into three movies. It’d be like saying The Lord of the Rings movies were slow, when they’re really just long), 8 eps of Rose of Versailles (slow, but also shoujo), 20 eps of Space Adventure Cobra (relatively slow, same director as Versailles), 3 eps of Space Pirate Captain Harlock (ultra-slow, couldn’t handle it), 1 ep of Takarajima (might’ve been slow? I don’t really remember) and I’d heard from my cousin that Uchuu Senkan Yamato was pretty slow, and I think Ideon also.

      So yeah, I’m not the most credible person to talk about 70s pacing, which is why I was careful to say “of the shows I’ve seen,” and really it’s more like “of the shows that stand out in my memory.”

  3. Before I comment further, what are the other shows you’ve watched from the 70s?

      • Not indicative of the era. What would be are the hordes of super robot shows, and some of the hero shows like Gatchaman.

        Having monster of the week formats, the pacing will be rather quick since every episode will have a big battle. Yamato isn’t slow, I wouldn’t say so at all.

        Anyway this post has got me thinking about anime and aging well: what conventions that are acceptable then that shouldn’t be acceptable in the succeeding periods. I can only speak about robot anime, but I’ll definitely want to do a project like this.

        • That could be interesting. I’ll say one thing about my biggest turn-off in old anime: space. I fucking hate space. I think it’s ugly and boring and too dark, and it’s the reason I never got into Gundam until I saw G Gundam and why Tekkaman Blade pissed me off. The earliest anime I know of where space honestly looked great was Cowboy Bebop (which always looks great), but otherwise, I’ve only become more tolerant of space in newer shows where technology allows it to look less dull (Gundam Unicorn, Sora Kake Girl), or where it’s all colorful like Gurren-Lagann.

        • Also, I think when he said Yamato was slow, he meant it more in an overall plot progression sense, which is probably also sorta what I mean. Thus far, everything in Casshan has been relevant to the central narrative.

  4. Aladdin Sarsippius Sulemenagic Jackson III says:

    My I Introduction to Casshan was the OVA “Casshan: Robot Hunter.”
    I wasn’t overly impressed with Sins. It kind of slogged a bit.
    I need to check the original series out.
    Side note: Megaman X’s story and the Ultimate Armor in the first game are both inspired by Casshan,
    As to why its romanized as Casshern is simple: the show is called Casshern, but in all its publicity shots, posters and promos, its called Casshan, Something I just learned recently after acquiring a Casshan figure from Sentinel.
    Yeah, I know. Nearly 10 years after the original post, but hey…

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